World Variety of Lives

GIANFRANCO TEMPESTA
MONICA FIORILO
INDEX

1. CULTURE, CIVILIZATION AND IDENTITY

The analysis of the diffusion of the vine through the centuries before and after the discovery of America, allows us to highlight the role of three Mediterranean countries as the cradle of most of the varietal heritage: Italy, France, and Spain. Their people created settlements in the territories where they arrived, adopted these areas under their domination and colonization and establish viticulture based on their varietal identity.

FotoTherefore, when in Tuscany we talk about Chianti or Brunello, it is easy to connect them with the Sangiovese variety (bl.), whereas in Piedmont we link Barolo and Barbaresco to Nebbiolo (bl.) and, in the Valpolicella area of the Veneto region, Corvina (Corvina bl. and Corvinone bl.) with Amarone.

As stated by illustrious ampelographers, “varieties do not have a homeland” and many varieties of Italian, French and Spanish origin have been adopted in other countries as their own, such as Ugni Blanc in France, which is Trebbiano Toscano in Italy, or Pinot Grigio in Italy, which is Pinot Gris with its origin in Burgundy.

In France, Bordeaux has an inextricable link to Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot; Champagne with Pinot Noir, the Côte du Rhône with Syrah and Viognier, and so on.

Thus, in Spain, Rioja is identified with Tempranillo, Tarragona with Garnacha; Montilla Moriles with the Pedro Ximenes variety, etcetera.

Few other countries are identified with specific varieties: Chasselas (wh.) in Switzerland, Sylvaner (wh.) in Austria, Riesling (wh.) (Renano) in Germany; Touriga Nacional (bl.) in Portugal; Furmint (wh.) in Hungary; Rkatsiteli in Georgia, etc.

 

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Translation: JANE UPCHURCH & MATTEO MARENGHI

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