Vine Varieties in the World
SUMMARY VINE VARIETIES IN THE WORLD
In our brief outline (see table 2.23.a. Wine grape varieties in “Matrix viticulture” table 2.23.b. Wine grape varieties in “Matrix viticulture” per country of origin and table 2.23.c. Table/dried grape varieties in “Matrix viticulture”) is clearly shown that it is an exclusive link between variety and territory. The exceptions: Muscat Ottonel, Grüner Veltliner, Pamid, Gewürztraminer, Saint Laurent, Pinot blanc, Portugieser and Limberger, concern vineyard areas united historically by political or cultural ties.
Some varieties that have their origins in the Old World now identify particular territories were there had found satisfactory habitats and cultures in the New World: Cot, which recognizes the Mendoza area of Argentina under the name of Malbec; Tannat in Uruguay; Carmenère in Chile and Zinfandel in the USA. (see table 2.24.a. Wine grape varieties in “Colonial viticulture” and table 2.24.b Table and dried grape varieties in "Colonial viticulture").
The New World, especially South America, has seen varieties established that have lost their European origins and it would be interesting to verify the parental lines using modern ampelography techniques. We are referring to Cereza, País, Criolla Grande, Bonarda and the various Torrontés.
Translation: JANE UPCHURCH & MATTEO MARENGHI