The Italian Vineyard
THE ITALIAN VINEYARD - ENOTRIA TELLUS
3. VITICULTURE AND TERRITORY
3.b. Mountain, hillside, plain and irrigated viticulture
Italy has an extremely varied orographic landscape, which was the origin of those as mentioned above protected viticultural settlements that form districts.
64.3% of vineyard surface area is hillside and mountain viticulture for quality production, with non-irrigated vineyards.
The remaining 35.7 % of vineyards are in the plains and generally cultivated with irrigation.
The ISTAT criterion, in the classification of communes (mountainous, hillside and plain) can be deceiving, especially for Trentino Alto Adige and Molise. In these regions classified as mountainous, viticulture is carried out in the Adige and Biferno valleys respectively.
Table 4.19 Wine grapes: regional surface area per altitude and irrigated area show both the altimetric position and areas subject to irrigation, region by region.