1 DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN: VALUES AND CHALLENGES
1.2. The universe and space of the Designations of Origin
Table 5.3 Number and Volume of the DOs divided by Production Class in 2013 summarises the DOs analysed in the “Statistical Series” http://www.devulpeetuva.com/Serie statistica vini DO.html by region.
The division into categories A, B and C uses FEDERDOC data on the declared surface areas and corresponding wine production:
Classified as A: DOs recognised by the national and international market, with a consolidated image. There are 126 out of a total of 401.
Class A2 – A3: 94 DOs in the category between 10,000 and 100,000 hl, which is considered the minimum threshold to guarantee a constant presence on the market.
For the A classes, diagrams have been created for each region, reporting the trend lines that indicate their strength or weakness on the market.
A second group, class B, includes 132 DOs with a productive critical mass between 1,000 and 10,000 hl of volume. These meet the demands of regional markets and they are rarely known outside of these borders.
The third group, class C includes 94 DOs with production below 1,000 hl, often unclaimed by producers. These types of wine are known to a consumer who we dare to define as a “frequenter” of village fetes.
On the basis of this classification criteria, we believe we can give a concrete view of the DOs of each region and identify their real dimensions.
In reality, they do not occupy the vast surface area often indicated on localisation maps of the region, but much smaller spaces.
In table 5.4 Volumes and areas of DO wines per region, many data appear to be incongruous, both for claimed production and for surface areas subject to certification by controlling bodies. The end of obligatory distillation coincides with statistical series that are closer to reality.
VOLUMI ED AREE DEI VINI A DO PER REGIONE